Mongolia in brief

Mongolia remains one of the last unspoilt wilderness regions in the world, saved largely by its remoteness and inaccessibility.

Location: Land locked between two large neighbours, The Russian Federation and China. Mongolia covers in area 1.565 million square kms. It’s the sixth largest country in Asia and 18th largest in the world.



Climate: Arid continental climate with sharp temperature is fluctuating and strong. The coldest is between -45°C and -52°C and the hottest 25°C-30°C.

Scenery: Mountainous areas, including meadow pasturing and step, cover two-thirds of the country. The southern area is dominated by the famous Gobi Desert.

Population: With only 2.7 million people, Mongolia has one of the lowest population densities in the world. (1.5 inhabitants per square km)

Language: Mongolian, written in the Cyrillic script, is the official language. The most wide spread foreign languages are Russian and English.

Religion: Tibetan Buddhist Lamaism with elements of Shamanism.

Politics: Mongolia has a parliamentary system of government, with a 76 seat legislature called the State Ikh Khural. The President, directly elected for four-year term, is second in authority to legislature, but he appoints judges and has the power of veto.

Administration: The country is divided into 21 aimags (provinces), the capital city Ulaanbaatar and two other cities.
The aimags are subdivided into 298 somons, or districts.

Economy: Agriculture accounts for more than third of GDP. The number of livestock reached 42.8 million in 2008. Industry-notably minerals, coal, animal products, building materials and food products-also accounts for around a third of GDP. The major exports are copper and molybdenum concentrates, fluorite, cashmere, food, hides and skins. The major imports are industrial equipment, petroleum products and consumer goods.


Ulaanbaatar – Capital city

The capital of Mongolia is Ulaanbaatar city which was historically known as Urga and established in 1639 as well as you can enjoy visiting Gandan Monastery – Buddhist center of Mongolia, Sukhbaatar square – main square where the Parliament and Government house and Winter Palace of Bogd Khaan, Mongolia’s last king Javzun Damba Khutagt VIII, built in 1893.

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Huvsgul lake


Huvsgul province, located in the Hangai mountain range in north western Mongolia, unique compared to other parts of Mongolia. Many ethnic groups live in Huvsgul; Halh, Darhad, Hotgoid, Urianhai, Buriad, and it’s the mother land of Reindeer Families “Tsaatan”. It’s the place where Heaven and Earth worshiping Shamans are still very powerful.

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Gobi desert


In the Gobi desert tourists can view vast sand dunes, great Canyon the Glen of Condors, sigh herds of antelopes, khulans /wild horses/, argali /wild sheep/, snow leopards or ibex, visit hospitable nomads who herd the livestock or witness the flaming red cliffs where Roy Chapman Andrews made the discover of dinosaur fossils. The sights are truly endless, but one of great highlights for the tourists is camel riding in the scenic Gobi Desert.

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ERDENE ZUU monastery


In 1586 when the Mongolian Khan Abtaisain returned home from his long pilgrimage to Tibet, he founded the first Buddhist monastery for its beauty it was named Erdene zuu or Hundred Treasures. Erdene zuu was the first Buddhist monastery in Mongolia. It is surrounded by a monumental wall with 108 stupas measuring 400x400 meters. Each of the four sites of the wall has a tower gat.

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